The exam is based solely on Module 2.

The exam is two hours in length.

You must answer two questions (in the form of essays) chosen from a total of 5.

Each question asks you to compare the views of two theorists, chosen from several, on a particular topic.

In the final module, we examined the following topics by discussing the views of the theorists in question:

  1. The nature of identity (Herder; Hegel; Du Bois; Wollstonecraft);
  2. Different forms of 'expressive criticism': appreciative; hermeneutics; ('Longinus'; Young; Schleiermacher);
  3. The biographical approach and literary history (Taine; Brathwaite; Woolf; Arnold [in “The Study of Poetry”]; Eliot);
  4. Representation: can texts (esp. novels) hold an objective mirror up to nature?  Or is representation necessarily a subjective affair?  (James; Zola; Ramchand [in The West Indian Novel and its Background]; Register);
  5. Criticism and the reading process: can reading be objective? (Arnold [in “The Function of Criticism”]; Richards; Achebe, Ramchand [in “Concern for Criticism”]; Fetterley).

For a fuller description of the topics covered in Module 2, please click here for a handout which was distributed at the last lecture.